Wydawnictwo Medyczne Mediton
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Under the scientific patronage of

the Polish Society of Audiology and Phoniatrics

 

Original articles

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Educational problems and central auditory processing in children
Małgorzata Maria Topolska 1/, Anna Zofia Gregorek 2/
  • 1/ Klinika Otolaryngologii Dziecięcej, Uniwersytecki Dziecięcy Szpital Kliniczny w Białymstoku
  • 2/ Poradnia Psychologiczno-Pedagogiczna nr 2 w Białymstoku, Powiatowa Poradnia Psychologiczno-Pedagogiczna w Białymstoku

Introduction. Children with educational problems should be examined for central auditory processing disorders (Central Auditory Processing, CAP), which could be a cause of learning difficulties.
Aim. Assess possible co-existence of CAP disorders in children with learning difficulties.
Material and methods. The study subjects comprised 32 children with learning difficulties. All children were subjected to
psychological-pedagogic-logopedic (PPL) examination, including assessment of auditory analysis and synthesis, phonologic memory and phonemes discrimination. CAP was assessed based on the results of Dichotic Digit Test DDT), Frequency Pattern
Test (FPT), Duration Pattern Test (DPT) and of low redundance speech tests: Numerical Test with waveband limited to 1 kHz (NT), sentence in noise test with speech compressed by 60% (ZD 60%) and by 40% (ZD 40%).
Results. The group of children with auditory synthesis deficit had problems with left-sided DDT and the NT but had better FPT results. Better FPT and DPT results were observed in children with auditory analysis problems. In the group of children with
phonologic memory deficit, the results of all CAP tests were slightly poorer compared to the group with normal phonologic memory. The group of children with phoneme discrimination deficit were characterized by slightly poorer DDT results in the right-side compared to left-side ear and by abnormal 60% compressed speech analysis.
Conclusion. The results do not point to a direct relationship between learning problems in examined children and the CAP disorders.

Otorynolaryngologia vol 14. no 1. Marchpages: from 41to 47
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