Wydawnictwo Medyczne Mediton
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the Polish Society of Audiology and Phoniatrics

 

Original articles

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Educational achievements of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss
Małgorzata Maria Topolska (Klinika Otolaryngologii Dziecięcej UM w Białymstoku)

Introduction. Unilateral sensorineural hearing loss affects 3-5% of school-age children. In Poland before 2002, it was diagnosed
usually by chance, in most cases at the age of around 7, after the period of speech development.
Aim. Analyse educational achievements of children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss.
Material and methods. The study subjects included 59 children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss and normal intellectual
ability. Assessment of school achievement was based on the results of obligatory tests carried out after the successive stages of learning - after class VI of primary school and after secondary school. Mean results obtained in the school tests by the study group were compared to the respective mean scores obtained by the schoolchildren of the Podlaskie Voivodeship, while individual results for each study subject were compared with the results obtained by his/her normal-hearing sibling(s) (29 families). The stanine (standard nine) scale was used to compare the results of tests in different years. The statistical data on the mean results in the individual years were obtained from the files of the Regional Examination Commission for the voivodeship.
Results. In the group of 59 children, mean result of the test after class VI was 32.7 (from 20 to 40) scores, while maximum possible score was 40. The mean score obtained by the schoolchildren of the Podlaskie Voivodeship in the years when the study subjects were examined was 26.15. In the secondary school test, the children of the study group also obtained better mean scores than the mean scores of the Podlaskie Voivodeship schoolchildren, both in the mathematical and the humanistic branches of knowledge. The analysis of the individual results has shown that the majority of the children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss obtained scores that were comparable with those obtained by their normal-hearing siblings.
Conclusions. Unilateral sensorineural hearing loss does not significantly affect educational achievement of children.

Otorynolaryngologia vol 14. no 1. Marchpages: from 36to 40
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