Wydawnictwo Medyczne Mediton

Under the scientific patronage of

the Polish Society of Audiology and Phoniatrics


Review articles

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Common history of the mirror for ear and eye inspection
Edward Mroczkowski 1/, Romuald Wielgosz 1/
  • 1/ Klinika Laryngologiczna Szpitala Kruppa

The concave mirror with a central aperture in it was for the first time used by Hofmann in 1841 as the ideal instrument that allowed reflecting and focussing light into the external auditory canal and inspecting the tympanic membrane. The physiologist Helmholtz devised the ophtalmoscope and observed the retina of a living human. He recommended this type of illumination also for otosopy. The history of the concave mirror with the central aperture is already 170 years long. Its further modifications, such as e.g. reflector fixed to the forehead have been applied to relieve the hand and make it operative. It is the instrument of choice in otoscopy, rhinoscopy, laryngoscopy.

Otorynolaryngologia vol 10. no 4. Decemberpages: from 154to 157
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